Fanny de Choiseul-Praslin , wife of French duke Charles de Choiseul-Praslin; she died shortly after a beating and stabbing in the family's Paris apartment on 17 August Her husband was arrested, but committed suicide during trial, protesting his innocence all along. No other suspect has ever been identified. The scandal caused by the case helped to provoke the French Revolution of Hindman , an American politician assassinated by one or more unknown assailants on 27 September The assassins fired through his parlor window while he was reading his newspaper with his children in Helena, Arkansas , United States.
His murderers were never brought to justice. Richardson , 49, an ex-Confederate General officer was killed in by a shotgun blast outside a tavern he was staying in at Clarkton, Missouri. The Identity of his assailant and motive are unknown. Benjamin Nathan , 56, a financier turned philanthropist; he was found beaten to death in his New York City home on 28 July Several suspects were identified, including Nathan's profligate son Washington, who discovered the body along with his brother.
None were ever indicted, and the case remains unsolved. In , his body was exhumed; the ensuing autopsy showed he may have been strangled in his deathbed, but results were deemed inconclusive.
Sharon Tyndale , former Illinois Secretary of State , was robbed and shot fatally as he walked from his house in Springfield to the train station nearby early on the morning of 29 April No suspect was ever found. While he was not robbed, it has never been established who was responsible for his death, and what their motives were. George Colvocoresses , Greek American naval commander and explorer, died of a gunshot wound while returning to a ferryboat on 3 June , in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
The insurance company claimed it was suicide, and while it eventually settled with his family the case has never been solved. Two trials in Canada's Black Donnellys massacre, in which five members of a family of Irish immigrants were found murdered in the ashes of their Ontario farm after an angry mob attacked it on 4 February , allegedly as a result of feuds with their neighbours, resulted in all the suspects being acquitted.
John Henry Blake , 74, agent for one of Ireland's more despised British landlords, was shot and killed along with his driver on their way to Mass outside Loughrea on 29 June The case received considerable attention at the time because Blake's boss, Hubert de Burgh-Canning, 2nd Marquess of Clanricarde , was a nobleman. Although his wife survived the attack, she was unable to help identify any suspects, and the case remains unsolved.
The Whitehall Mystery In , the dismembered remains of a woman were discovered at three different sites in the centre of London, including the future site of Scotland Yard. Clayton , American politician, shot and killed instantly by an unknown assailant on the evening of 29 January in Plumerville, Arkansas , after starting an investigation into the possible fraud of an election he took part in.
After his death he was declared the winner of the election but his assassin was never found. In the case of Andrew Borden, the hatchet blows not only crushed his skull but cleanly split his left eyeball. Lizzie was later arrested and charged for the murders. She was the only one in the house at the time of the killing of Mrs. Lizzie and the maid, Bridget Sullivan, were the only ones in the home when Mr. She was acquitted by a jury in the following year of and the case remains unsolved.
Siblings Michael, Norah and Ellen Murphy were found deceased the morning after they left home to attend a dance in the town hall which had been cancelled. The bodies were arranged with the feet pointing west and both women had their hands tied with handkerchiefs. This signature aspect has never been repeated in Australian crime and to date remains a mystery.
The next day the dying Goebel was sworn in and, despite the best efforts of eighteen physicians attending him, died on the afternoon of 3 February Goebel remains the only state Governor in the United States to die by assassination while in office. At the time it was alleged that the murderer was a preacher of the Primitive Methodist Chapel named William Gardiner, who was having an affair with the victim.
Gardiner was tried twice for the murder but each time the jury failed to reach a verdict. No suspects were ever named. Elsie Sigel , 20, found strangled inside a trunk in an apartment in New York City's Chinatown on 18 June , nine days after she had last been seen. The resident of the apartment, who had been having a love affair with her, was considered the prime suspect but was never arrested.
Elsie Paroubek , the five-year-old daughter of Czech immigrants. Is thought to have either wandered away from her home or was kidnapped in Chicago on 8 April Her disappearance was the subject of intense police investigation over three states, with massive newspaper coverage.
Her body was found a month later. Joseph Wilson , the sixty-year-old stationmaster was shot dead at Lintz Green railway station in the Northeast of England on 7 October His murder sparked one of the largest murder investigations in Northeast England. Other suspects have been considered, but history has largely exonerated them as well.
The body of Mary Phagan , 13, was found strangled and raped early on 27 April at the Atlanta, Georgia , pencil factory where she worked. Suspicion eventually fell on Leo Frank , manager of the factory, who was convicted of the murder later that year. When his death sentence was commuted to life in , Frank was abducted from prison and lynched , in what is considered one of the worst episodes of antisemitism in the United States.
Historians have come to believe he was wrongly convicted, and in he was pardoned. It is believed that a janitor who testified against Frank and served a year in prison as an accessory after the fact was the real killer. No arrests were ever made. Most theories about the responsible parties suggest that it was a political assassination, since Huang had increasingly been in conflict with the government of the newly established Republic of China after initially supporting it.
John Bamford was considered the prime suspect in the Wonnangatta murders in East Gippsland , Victoria , Australia ; however, his body was found early the following year. The cause of death was a gunshot wound to the head. Several theories have been advanced, but no suspects have ever been identified. In the late s, Barclay's son, who later worked for a mutual friend of the two who had been an early suspect, made a statement suggesting he knew who the murderers were as well but declining to identify them.
One defendant was acquitted after a highly publicized trial; no others have ever been identified. James Colosimo , 42, gangster who led a precursor to the Chicago Outfit. No one was ever charged with the killing; it is believed that Al Capone , then one of Colosimo's henchmen, was involved. Joseph Bowne Elwell , 46, a bridge player, was shot and killed inside his locked house on 11 June One clearly false confession the next year was discarded, and no other suspects ever were identified.
The intense media interest in the case inspired the development of the locked-room murder subgenre of detective fiction. Despite a number of arrests, no one was ever charged. One likely suspect, who was never arrested, fled to Italy shortly afterwards and never returned to the U. Chrissie Venn , a thirteen-year-old girl who was murdered on or around 21 February near the township of North Motton, near Ulverstone, Tasmania ; her body was found in a hollow tree.
George William King, who claimed the incriminating marks on his hands were from injuries sustained during the three-day search for Venn, was acquitted after a trial which was the first change of venue ever granted in Tasmania.
No other suspects were ever named. He was killed by a blow to the head and drowning after being dropped into a quarry in Waukesha, Wisconsin, United States. No one was ever charged or named as a suspect. Professional golfer James Douglas Edgar , 36, whose book The Gate to Golf changed the sport considerably, died shortly after he was found on an Atlanta street late at night on August 8, , with a leg wound.
Reports that this was the consequence of his involvement in a love triangle have never led to any suspects being identified. William Desmond Taylor , a popular Irish-born American actor and director of silent movies. Killed by a shot in the back on 1 February inside his bungalow.
His murder, along with other Hollywood scandals, such as the Roscoe Arbuckle trial, led to a frenzy of sensational and often fabricated newspaper reports, and a deathbed confession of dubious veracity. On the evening of 31 March , the six inhabitants of the farm were killed with a pickaxe, and the murder is still unsolved. Hall, an Episcopalian priest, had apparently been having an extramarital affair with Mills, who sang in the church choir.
His wife and her brothers were charged with the crime. After one of the first trials to attract heavy media interest, they were acquitted of all charges. No other suspects were ever identified. The plane crash that killed early aviator B. DeLay , 31 a pioneering stunt pilot , on 4 July in Venice, California , was found to have been the result of sabotage to the aircraft. No one was ever formally charged or identified as a suspect. The three were working as fur trappers and staying in a private cabin while trapping animals over the winter.
Their bodies were discovered in April in Big Lava Lake , where they had been placed under the ice sometime shortly after Christmas The men had been bludgeoned with a claw hammer and shot to death.
A local vagrant, Harold Israel , was arrested and charged with the crime; but at trial prosecutor Homer Stille Cummings , later U. Attorney General, not only dropped the case but discredited the evidence the city's police department had collected against Israel.
No other suspects have ever been named; thirty years later a witness to the killing said it was not Israel but refused to identify the real killer out of fear for their life. The Janet Smith case. On 26 July , the year-old Scottish nursemaid was found dead of a gunshot wound to the temple in a home in an exclusive neighborhood of Vancouver , British Columbia, Canada.
Although she was initially labeled a suicide despite much evidence to the contrary , her friends were able to get the case reopened and deemed a murder. The initial suspect, Chinese houseboy Wong Foon Sing, was kidnapped and tortured for weeks in an unsuccessful attempt to extract a confession, causing a major scandal when it was discovered that various police officials and respected members of society were directly involved.
Wong was eventually tried and acquitted for lack of evidence. A law was proposed, banning the employment of Asians and white women in the same household, but failed to pass. Government investigators believed the culprits were Verigin's rivals among the Doukhobors, while the remaining members of the sect accused the government of committing the crime.
No suspects have ever been officially named. Two suspects were brought to trial, but were acquitted.