Domestic violence and Marital rape Spousal sexual abuse is a form of domestic violence. When the abuse involves threats of unwanted sexual contact or forced sex by a woman's husband or ex-husband, it may constitute rape , depending on the jurisdiction, and may also constitute an assault . Child sexual abuse Child sexual abuse is a form of child abuse in which a child is abused for the sexual gratification of an adult or older adolescent.
With specific regard to addiction, a study by Reiger et al supports previous findings that adverse life events increase sensitivity to drug rewards and bolster drug reward signaling by exposing an association between heightened limbic response to cocaine cues.
People with dementia Elderly people, especially those with dementia, can be at risk of abuse. There were over 6, "safeguarding concerns and alerts" at UK care homes from to These included alleged inappropriate touching and worse allegations. Offenders were most often other residents but staff also offended. It is suspected some care homes may deliberately overlook these offenses. Perpetrators frequently target victims who they know are unlikely to be believed.
Spouses and partners sometimes continue to pursue sexual relations, without realising they no longer have this right, because the person with dementia can no longer consent. If a nursing home fails to do proper background checks on an employee who subsequently abuses residents, the home can be liable for negligence.
If nursing homes fail to supervise staff or train staff to recognise signs of abuse, the home can also be liable for negligence.
Treatment for psychotic symptoms may also be involved in sexual abuse treatment. Positions of power See also: Abusive power and control , Power harassment , and Rankism Sexual misconduct can occur where one person uses a position of authority to compel another person to engage in an otherwise unwanted sexual activity. For example, sexual harassment in the workplace might involve an employee being coerced into a sexual situation out of fear of being dismissed.
Sexual harassment in education might involve a student submitting to the sexual advances of a person in authority in fear of being punished, for example by being given a failing grade. Several sexual abuse scandals have involved abuse of religious authority and often cover-up among non-abusers, including cases in the Southern Baptist Convention ,  Catholic Church , Episcopalian religion,  Islam ,  Jehovah's Witnesses , Lutheran church,  Methodist Church,  The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ,  the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints , Orthodox Judaism ,  other branches of Judaism ,  and various cults.
Minorities The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. October Learn how and when to remove this template message Sexual abuse is a problem in some minority communities.
In , a number of Hispanic victims were included in the settlement of a massive sexual abuse case involving the Los Angeles archdiocese of the Catholic Church. The non-profit group was founded in by Sylvia Coleman , an African-American sexual abuse survivor and national sexual abuse prevention expert.