Though we all know that B. He was a great calligraphist too. Shree Prem Behari learnt calligraphy from his grandfather who brought him up along with his four brothers after his parents died. He graduated from St. While being selected for this big honorable job, Jawahar Lal Nehru asked him what he would like to charge for the job. By the grace of Good I have all things and quite happy with my life. The task was completed in 6 months. The original version was then signed by all the members of the Constituent Assembly in January The Constitution itself came into force on the 26th of that month.
Photolithographed copies of it were then made at the office of the Survey of India in Dehra Dun. The art work lavished on it was by one of our most eminent painters, Nandalal Bose. Each page had a frame and at the beginning of each part of the Constitution, Nandalal Bose had depicted some scene from our national experience.
In doing so he gave us a gallery of some of the greatest figures of our history. The Vedic period is represented by a scene of gurukula and the epic period by a visual of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana returning homeward and another of Krishna propounding the Gita to Arjuna on the battlefield. Then there are depictions of the lives of the Buddha and Mahavira, followed by scenes from the courts of Ashoka and Vikramaditya.
There are also beautiful renderings of our landscape and some of the masterpieces of our art. Even the decorations used for the borders exemplify in the Santiniketan style. There are 11 pages of signatures which begin immediately below the list of languages in the Eighth Schedule. The first to sign appears to have been Jawaharlal Nehru.
For some unexplained reason the first page has a preponderance of Constitution-makers from the South — B. Gopalaswami without Ayyangar , O. Venkata Rao, then an illegible name, then G. Anantasayanam Iyengar and N. The very last signature is that of Feroze Gandhi. The president of the Constituent Assembly seems to have affixed his signatures after all the other members had signed. Nobody seems to have thought of leaving a special place for him, and so he has signed his name in the space next to the list of languages.
He has also signed in two languages, first in Devanagari and then in the Roman script. One signature which is not there in the Constitution is that of Mahatma Gandhi. Though he was no longer alive when the Constitution was adopted, it embodies something of the vision of social change that Mahatma Gandhi preached and practiced.