Traditional animation An example of traditional animation, a horse animated by rotoscoping from Eadweard Muybridge 's 19th-century photos Traditional animation also called cel animation or hand-drawn animation was the process used for most animated films of the 20th century. The animators' drawings are traced or photocopied onto transparent acetate sheets called cels ,  which are filled in with paints in assigned colors or tones on the side opposite the line drawings.
Today, animators' drawings and the backgrounds are either scanned into or drawn directly into a computer system. Full animation[ edit ] Full animation refers to the process of producing high-quality traditionally animated films that regularly use detailed drawings and plausible movement,  having a smooth animation.
Fully animated films are animated at 24 frames per second, with a combination of animation on ones and twos, meaning that drawings can be held for one frame out of 24 or two frames out of Limited animation Limited animation involves the use of less detailed or more stylized drawings and methods of movement usually a choppy or "skippy" movement animation.
This is a more economic technique. Rotoscoping Rotoscoping is a technique patented by Max Fleischer in where animators trace live-action movement, frame by frame. Stop motion animation[ edit ] Main article: Stop motion Stop-motion animation is used to describe animation created by physically manipulating real-world objects and photographing them one frame of film at a time to create the illusion of movement.
Puppetoon , created using techniques developed by George Pal ,  are puppet-animated films that typically use a different version of a puppet for different frames, rather than simply manipulating one existing puppet. Silhouette animation is a variant of cutout animation in which the characters are backlit and only visible as silhouettes.
Model animation refers to stop-motion animation created to interact with and exist as a part of a live-action world.
O'Brien on films, King Kong Go motion is a variant of model animation that uses various techniques to create motion blur between frames of film, which is not present in traditional stop-motion. Brickfilm are a subgenre of object animation involving using Lego or other similar brick toys to make an animation. Computer animation Computer animation encompasses a variety of techniques, the unifying factor being that the animation is created digitally on a computer.
Cinemagraphs are still photographs in the form of an animated GIF file of which part is animated. Computer animation and 3D computer graphics 3D animation is digitally modeled and manipulated by an animator. The animator usually starts by creating a 3D polygon mesh to manipulate. Breath of the Wild , Japan Machinima — Films created by screen capturing in video games and virtual worlds.
The term originated from the software introduction in the s demoscene , as well as the s recordings of the first-person shooter video game Quake. Motion capture is used when live-action actors wear special suits that allow computers to copy their movements into CG characters. Photo-realistic animation is used primarily for animation that attempts to resemble real life, using advanced rendering that mimics in detail skin, plants, water, fire, clouds, etc.
Audio-Animatronics and Autonomatronics is a form of robotics animation, combined with 3-D animation, created by Walt Disney Imagineering for shows and attractions at Disney theme parks move and make noise generally a recorded speech or song. They can sit and stand, and they cannot walk.
An Audio-Animatron is different from an android -type robot in that it uses prerecorded movements and sounds, rather than responding to external stimuli.
In , Disney created an interactive version of the technology called Autonomatronics. The animation illusion is created by putting the viewer in a linear motion, parallel to the installed picture frames. Chuckimation is a type of animation created by the makers of the television series Action League Now! It is very ancient and is believed to have originated years BC. Puppetry takes many forms, they all share the process of animating inanimate performing objects.
Puppetry is used in almost all human societies both as entertainment — in performance — and ceremonially in rituals, celebrations, and carnivals. Most puppetry involves storytelling. Toy Story zoetrope at Disney California Adventure creates illusion of motion using figures, rather than static pictures.
Zoetrope is a device that produces the illusion of motion from a rapid succession of static pictures. Drawn on film animation: The technique has been used to create animated films with a range of textural effects difficult to achieve with traditional cel animation.
Flip books are not always separate books, they appear as an added feature in ordinary books or magazines, often in the page corners.