Description[ edit ] Paparazzi tend to be independent contractors , unaffiliated with mainstream media organizations, and photos taken are usually done so by taking advantage of opportunities when they have sightings of high-profile people they are tracking. Some public figures and celebrities have expressed concern at the extent to which paparazzi go to invade their personal space.
In his book Word and Phrase, Robert Hendrickson writes that Fellini took the name from an Italian dialect word that describes a particularly annoying noise, that of a buzzing mosquito. As Fellini said in his interview to Time magazine, "Paparazzo For example, in the Abruzzo dialect spoken by Ennio Flaiano , co-scriptwriter of La Dolce Vita, the term paparazzo refers to the local clam, Venerupis decussata , and is also used as a metaphor for the shutter of a camera lens.
Further, in an interview with Fellini's screenwriter Flaiano, he said the name came from the book Sulla riva dello Jonio , a translation by Italian poet Margherita Guidacci of By the Ionian Sea, a travel narrative in southern Italy by Victorian writer George Gissing. He further states that either Fellini or Flaiano opened the book at random, saw the name of a restaurant owner, Coriolano Paparazzo, and decided to use it for the photographer.
This story is further documented by a variety of Gissing scholars and in the book A Sweet and Glorious Land: Revisiting the Ionian Sea St. Legality[ edit ] Due to the reputation of paparazzi as a nuisance, several states and countries restrict their activities by passing laws and curfews ,[ citation needed ] and by staging events in which paparazzi are specifically not allowed to take photographs. The purpose of the bill is to stop paparazzi from taking pictures of children in a harassing manner, regardless of who their parents are.
This law increased the penalty on harassment and the penalty for harassment of children. Kennedy counter-sued claiming harassment. The trial lasted three weeks and became a groundbreaking case regarding photojournalism and the role of paparazzi. The restriction later was dropped to 25 feet 7. In , Diana, Princess of Wales and Dodi Fayed were killed in a limousine crash as their driver was speeding, trying to escape paparazzi.
The official inquests into the accident attributed the causes to the speed and manner of driving of the Mercedes, as well as the following vehicles, and the impairment of the judgment of the Mercedes driver, Henri Paul , through alcohol.
The paper had also arranged for a "dog team" slang for paparazzi in the Chinese language to track a judge for 72 hours, to provide the judge with first-hand experience of what paparazzi do. This caused major havoc among Brazilians, including threatening a boycott against MTV Brasil unless Cicarelli was fired from that company.
The legal action backfired as the court decided she had no expectation of privacy by having sex in a public location. Following the publication of photographs showing Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge sunbathing whilst topless at her husband's cousin's Viscount Linley 's holiday home in France, it was announced on September 14, , that the Royal couple were to launch legal action against the French edition of Closer magazine.
It was the first time that a senior royal has sued in a court outside the UK. The reason cited for the legal action is that the Duchess had a right of privacy whilst at the home—the magazine responded that the pictures had been taken from the public highway. The injunction was granted September 18, and the publishers of the magazine were ordered not to publish the photographs in France and not to sell the images.