Some versions of Sharia law require that married or divorce persons found guilty of Zina adultery be executed by stoning. Countries which are predominately Muslim or which have a large minority of Muslims vary greatly in their treatment of people found guilty of this crime.
According to Amnesty International: Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Djibouti, Macedonia, Mozambique, and Turkmenistan have formally abandoned execution as the penalty for all crimes, including adultery and other sex "crimes. Both the Russian Federation and Turkey are expected to formally abandon it in the near future. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, the Sudan, and some of the northern states of Nigeria practice a very strict form of Sharia law. A man was stoned for raping and killing his daughter in in Yemen.
In Afghanistan, under the Taliban, adulterous couples were often killed together. Sharia law is derived both from: The teachings of the Mulsim holy book, the Qur'an, which is believed to be the Word of God, and From Sunna, the practices of the prophet Muhammad. The term "Sharia" literally means "the path to a watering hole. For example, the Maliki Law School accepts evidence of pregnancy as proof that an unmarried woman has either committed adultery or been raped.
As a result, Western-style laws, courts, and punishments began to appear within the Sharia. Some countries like Turkey totally abandoned the Sharia and adopted new law codes based on European systems Modern legislation along with Muslim legal scholars who are attempting to relate the will of Allah to the 20th century have reopened the door to interpreting the Sharia.
This has happened even in highly traditional Saudi Arabia, where Islam began Since , some countries with fundamentalist Islamic regimes like Iran have attempted to reverse the trend of westernization and return to the classic Sharia. Hadd sexual offenses carry a sentence of stoning to death or severe flogging. An eyewitness account of Soraya M, a woman executed by stoning, can be read on an anti-Iranian web site.
A leading Muslim scholar, Maulana Muhammad Ali noted that "stoning to death was never contemplated by Islam as a punishment for adultery. Anthony Olubunmi Okogie, said that the "official text of the Qur'an only sanctions a punishment of so many lashes for such an offence not stoning to death He urges other Muslim leaders to speak out against them.
Otherwise, he fears that what he calls an inhumane brand of Islamic law will take root in Nigeria. Neither condition has yet been achieved, either in Nigeria or in other countries where stoning is practiced. However, as noted below, the former requirement is not always followed. If the woman is pregnant and either unmarried or divorced, she may be assumed to be guilty, if she is tried under the conservative Maliki Law School form of Sharia.