Forerunners[ edit ] The term "men's rights" was used at least as early as February when it appeared in Putnam's Magazine. The League for Men's Rights was founded in with the goal of "combatting all excesses of women's emancipation". They criticized marriage and family laws, especially the requirement to pay spousal and child support to former wives and illegitimate children, and supported the use of blood tests to determine paternity.
The organizations ceased to exist before Men's rights groups have formed in some European countries during periods of shifts toward conservatism and policies supporting patriarchal family and gender relations.
Bob Lingard and Peter Douglas suggest that the conservative wing of the men's rights movement, rather than the men's rights position in general, is an antifeminist backlash.
Allan described the men's rights movement as a reactionary movement that is defined by its opposition to women and feminism but has not yet formulated its own theories and methodologies outside of antifeminism. Mann of the University of Windsor in Canada suggests that men's rights groups fuel an international rhetoric of hatred and victimization by disseminating information via online forums and websites containing constantly-updated "diatribes against feminism, ex-wives, child support, shelters, and the family law and criminal justice systems".
Mann says that although existing legislation in Canada acknowledges that men are also victims of domestic violence, men's advocates demand government recognition that men are equally or more victimized by domestic violence. He proposes that women be legally required to make every reasonable effort to notify the father of her pregnancy within four to five days. Sterba agrees that, for moral reasons, a woman should inform the father of the pregnancy and adoption, but this should not be imposed as a legal requirement as it might result in undue pressure, for example, to have an abortion.
Anti-dowry laws[ edit ] Men's rights organizations such as Save Indian Family Foundation SIFF claim that women misuse legislation meant to protect them from dowry death and bride burnings. Fathers' rights movement Two protestors from UK-based fathers' rights group Fathers 4 Justice protesting in Peterborough in Family law is an area of deep concern among men's rights groups.
Men's rights adherents argue that the legal system and family courts discriminate against men, especially in regards to child custody after divorce. Circumcision controversies , Ethics of circumcision , Forced circumcision , and Violence against men Observers have noted that the 'intactivist' movement, an anti-circumcision movement, has some overlap with the men's rights movement.
However, the study does not purport to explain why this is the case. The men involved in the early organization claimed that family and divorce law discriminated against them and favored their wives. Gwendolyn Leachman writes that this sort of framing "downplays the systemic biases that women face that justify protective divorce and custody laws".
Domestic violence against men Men's rights groups describe domestic violence committed by women against men as a problem that goes ignored and under-reported,   in part because men are reluctant to label themselves as victims. Not An Even Playing Field' and accused the men's rights movement of distorting his research findings on men's and women's violence to promote a misogynistic agenda.
They have also advocated clearer school routines, more traditional school structures, including gender-segregated classrooms, and stricter discipline. Compared to Australia, less impact has been noted in the United Kingdom, where feminists have historically had less influence on educational policy.
Discrimination The men's rights movement disputes the idea that men are privileged relative to women. He cites this an explanation why men are more likely to die from all 15 leading causes of death than women at all ages. He argues that the U. For example, it has been found that females consistently outlive males among primates.
Eunuchs, castrated before puberty, have shown to live, with varying differences, more than other men pointing to testosterone levels playing a part in the life-expectancy gap.
They therefore argue that social programs should be narrowly targeted to those sub-populations rather than to men as a whole. In Britain, most homeless people are male. He believes society considers women to be more innocent and credible, and criticizes battered woman and infanticide defenses.
Goldberg , reached the Supreme Court in , they were supported by a men's rights group and multiple women's groups, including the National Organization for Women. In addition, non-biological fathers are denied the resources to have their own biological children in another relationship.