The salary depends on who gets the gig, but the role stays the same. The average full-time salary for men and women in Canada Photograph by Heshmat Saberi McFarlane rallied an association of civilian managers and specialists, collectively known as CAMS, to unpack what was happening. The key numbers that explain the wage gap No matter how you crunch the numbers—regardless of sector, position or number of working hours—women continue to earn less than men.
Overall in Canada, the earnings gap between men and women who work is about 31 per cent, according to the most recent Statistics Canada income numbers. Full-time working women, meanwhile, earn 26 per cent less than full-time working men. Comparing hourly wages, that number shrinks to 13 per cent, and after controlling for gender differences around factors like industry, occupation, education, job tenure, province of residence and union status, a mysterious eight per cent gap remains.
Full-time working women earn 26 per cent less than full-time working men in Canada. Tweet This The reasons are many and complex. Something shifted when Donald Trump—who has admitted to sexual assault—was elected U. Getting dangerously close to slipping backwards, they dug in their picks. The whole thing is now widely known as the Reckoning—a settling of accounts. These two operations specialists both worked for a tech startup in Toronto.
They were on the same team and had the same amount of experience: She was promoted to a supervisor role but left soon after for another job in tech with fairer compensation. The legislation, which set Canada apart as a world leader in pay equity, called on all federally regulated employers to evaluate workers based on skill, effort, responsibility and working conditions, and pay them accordingly.
Certainly, some things have changed for the better. According to Statistics Canada, women began outnumbering men on convocation stages in Since then, the proportion of university-educated women has more than doubled in Canada, from 14 per cent to over 35 per cent.
While the numbers are encouraging, it makes the persistent wage gap all the more outrageous. And more than half those polled believe maternity leave plays a major role in exacerbating wage inequality in Canada.
These two human resources consultants have both worked for government in Halifax for a year. She has seven and would need a 9. Photograph by Darren Calabrese More robust research shows there are kernels of truth in the arguments for the gap. In one study, for instance, researchers asked more than a hundred STEM professors in the United States to consider a candidate for a lab manager position.
Indigenous women earn as little as 46 cents on the dollar. Tweet This Baked into the wage gap numbers are more slippery factors like sexual harassment and overt discrimination.
They lose opportunities for promotions, they lose opportunities to accrue seniority and experience. They may be driven out of careers altogether. They smile, wave and go about their business. To passersby, the workers look like colleagues doing the same job. But their pay stubs tell two altogether different stories. At Canada Post, a Crown corporation, rural and suburban mail carriers earn about 30 per cent less than urban employees. Regardless of geographic lines, though, the work is the same.
To some extent, pay and working conditions have improved for Anderson and nearly 9, of her colleagues since rural and suburban mail carriers joined the union that represents city postal workers. We agreed with the union on a process to study the matter further and have been working through that process.
The process is ongoing with much constructive discussion and will soon include a third-party arbitrator to help bring resolution. The employees in question are performing not just similar work, but the same work—in unionized positions and under government employers. What that says for private-sector employees, whose salaries are often kept private, is worrisome.
And it inspires little hope that those doing different work of similar value can easily appeal for equal pay. Midwives in Ontario offer one such example. And the more that work is associated with women, or stereotypically done by women, the lower it is paid. In one notable study, researchers from Stanford and the University of Pennsylvania examined U.
Take recreation jobs, for instance: In the latter part of the 20th century, park and camp jobs shifted from being male- to female-dominated. During that same period, wages dropped 57 per cent, adjusting for inflation. The reverse is also true: As men took over previously female-dominated jobs—like computer programming, for example—wages went up. Her father, a lawyer, MP and early feminist, raised her and her two sisters to do as much as, or more than, her brother.
And they did—thanks largely to their socioeconomic status, Hynna notes: I had a background where I was able to do what I wanted to do as a woman. Of the graduates called to the bar that year, she was one of six women.
She pauses just long enough to muster a rallying cry. Many of those interviewed for this article expected the problem would have been solved by now—that as women became university educated and entered the workforce, particularly in high-paying sectors, the wage gap would spiral in on itself like a black hole.
After his election, Justin Trudeau defended his decision for gender parity in his cabinet with the viral response: Compliance could be expensive for companies.
And in the face of widespread opposition to small-business tax changes across Canada and minimum-wage hikes in Ontario, pay equity reform may well inspire hostility among stretched employers. Even Trudeau, the self-professed feminist leader, has been conspicuously quiet on pay equity. McFarlane started her career in amid a flurry of public interest in and political promise for gender parity.
She was close to retirement, after all.