Schools[ edit ] In the United Kingdom the official term is mixed,  and today most schools are mixed. A number of Quaker co-educational boarding schools were established before the 19th century.
Founded in , it is the oldest mixed-sex educational institution in the world still in existence. In England the first non-Quaker mixed-sex public boarding school was Bedales School , founded in by John Haden Badley and becoming mixed in Many previously single-sex schools have begun to accept both sexes in the past few decades: The first Oxford college to house both men and women was the graduate-only Nuffield College in ; the first five undergraduate colleges Brasenose, Hertford, Jesus, St Catherine's and Wadham became mixed in The first mixed Cambridge college was the graduate-only Darwin from its foundation in Churchill , Clare and King's Colleges were the first previously all-male colleges of the University of Cambridge to admit female undergraduates in Magdalene was the last all-male college to become mixed in Three colleges remain single-sex women-only at Cambridge: This section needs expansion.
You can help by adding to it. May Further information: List of mixed-sex colleges and universities in the United States and Women's colleges in the United States The oldest extant mixed-sex institute of higher education in the United States is Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio , which was established in Mixed-sex classes were admitted to the preparatory department at Oberlin in and the college department in Later, in , the first black woman to receive a bachelor's degree Mary Jane Patterson also earned it from Oberlin College.
Beginning in , Hillsdale College became the next college to admit mixed-sex classes to four-year degree programs. There were also many private coeducational universities founded in the 19th century, especially west of the Mississippi River.
East of the Mississippi, Wheaton College Illinois graduated its first female student in ,  while Cornell University  and the University of Michigan  each admitted their first female students in Around the same time, single-sex women's colleges were also appearing.
The Buckman arrangements officially ended with new legislation guidelines passed in Primary and secondary schools[ edit ] Several early primary and secondary schools in the United States were single-sex. Examples include Collegiate School , a boys' school operating in New York by which remains a single-sex institution ; and Boston Latin School , founded in which didn't became coeducational until Nonetheless, mixed-sex education existed at the lower levels in the U.
For example, in , the predecessor to Franklin and Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania , opened as a mixed-sex secondary school. Westford Academy in Westford, Massachusetts has operated as mixed-sex secondary school since its founding in , making it the oldest continuously operating coed school in America. John Shipherd minister and Philo P.
Stewart missionary , became friends while spending the summer of together in nearby Elyria. They discovered a mutual disenchantment with what they saw as the lack of strong Christian principles among the settlers of the American West. They decided to establish a college and a colony based on their religious beliefs, "where they would train teachers and other Christian leaders for the boundless most desolate fields in the West".
Oberlin's earliest graduates were women and African Americans. While Oberlin was co-educational from its founding in , the college regularly admitted African American students beginning in , after trustee and abolitionist, Reverent. Shipherd, cast the deciding vote to allow them entry. Women were not admitted to the baccalaureate program, which granted bachelor's degrees, until Prior to that, they received diplomas from what was called the Ladies Course.
The college admitted its first group of women in However, for quite a while, women sometimes suffered uncivil behavior from their male classmates. The prejudice of some male professors proved more unsettling. Many professors had disapproved of the admission of women into their classes, citing studies that stated that women were physically incapable of higher education, and some professors found it difficult to acknowledge women's presence once they were admitted.
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