The abbey church dates from , shortly after the end of the Crusade against the Cathars. The owners have won many prizes for the work done to restore the Abbey. It is classified as an Historical Monument and is open to visitors every day in summer and the afternoon in winter. The abbey is also available for receptions.
Click on the following link for more on the Abbaye de Valmagne Chartreuse de Valbonne: Benedictine monks have been here since The Abbey is pre-Romanesque and the cloister in pink marble Romanesque. He embraced the ecclesiastical state, and was appointed Archdeacon of Maguelonne now Montpellier. Some time later, about , he received the Cistercian habit at Fontfroide, near Narbonne.
He was again confirmed as Apostolic legate and first Inquisitor. He gave himself untiringly to his work, strengthening those not yet infected with error, reclaiming with tenderness those who had fallen but manifested good will, and pronouncing ecclesiastical censures against the obdurate.
Whilst endeavouring to reconcile Raymond, Count of Toulouse, he was, by order of the latter, transpierced with a lance, crying as he fell, "May God forgive you as I do. He is also honoured as a martyr in the Dioceses of Carcassonne and Treves.
His relics are interred in the church of the ancient Abbey of St-Gilles. For one thing it brought an end to the ancient practice of surgery in monasteries - a secular barber even had to be brought in for the monk's monthly blood-letting.
Another consequence was that warrior churchmen were not expected to use cutting weapons like swords, so at least according to a persistent tradition they tended to favour crushing weapons for killing their enemies and in particular maces like the one shown below. The rule was not applied to the Knights Templars who used swords like other knights - and indeed there is little evidence that any category of churchmen used swords less than lay knights.
IVv; by "Nicolaus monachus", between and Chronicles of France, BNF. Ordo Praedicatorum, hence the abbreviation OP used by members , is more commonly known since the 15th century as the Dominican Order or Dominicans. After Dominic completed his studies, Bishop Martin Bazan and Prior Diego d'Achebes appointed him to the cathedral chapter and he became a regular canon under the Rule of St Augustine and the Constitutions for the cathedral church of Osma.
At the age of twenty-four or twenty-five, he was ordained to the priesthood. Membership in the Order includes friars, nuns, active sisters, and lay or secular Dominicans affiliated with the Order. The friars are all ordained Catholic priests. Members of the order generally carry the letters O. It was founded to combat Catharism, and Domnicans soon established the Inquisition when it became apparent that preaching and debating produced almost no converts from Catharism.
Their identification as Dominicans gave rise to the pun that they were the Domini canes, or Hounds of the Lord. In England and other countries the Dominican friars are referred to as Black Friars because of the black cappa or cloak they wear over their white habits between Halloween and Easter. They are also distinct from the Augustinian Friars the Austin friars who wear a similar habit. James in English - Sanctus Jacobus in Latin.
The Dominican Order came into being in the Middle Ages at a time when men of God were no longer expected to stay behind the walls of a cloister. Instead, they traveled among the people, taking as their example the Cathars who emulated tthe apostles of the primitive Church.
Rather than earning their living, Dominican friars would survive by begging, "selling" themselves through persuasive preaching. They were both active in preaching, and contemplative in study, prayer and meditation. As today, the Brothers preached while the Sisters prayed for the the success of the Brothers' teaching.
At that time the Languedoc was the stronghold of the Cathar or Albigensian belief, Prior Diego saw immediately one of the paramount reasons for the spread of Catharism: On the other hand, the Cathars lived in a state of self-sacrifice that was widely appealing.
For these reasons, Prior Diego suggested that the papal legates begin to live a reformed Cathar style ie apostolic life. In later traditions they would become Cathar Perfects converted by his convincing arguments. In the alleged converts were established them in a convent in Prouille, near Fanjeaux. Founding documents establish that the Order was created for two purposes: Friars were organized and trained in religious studies. They could practice ministry and common life.
On August 15, Dominic dispatched seven of his followers to the university center of Paris to establish a priory focused on study and preaching.
The Convent of St. Jacques, would eventually become the Order's first studium generale. The order developed rapidly into Inquisitors in Carcassonne , Toulouse and Albi, a position regularised by later popes.
The site of one of many miracles allegedly performed by Dominic Guzman. Now in the Museo del Prado, Madrid.