Excess weight can place extra pressure on the bladder. The result can be weaker pelvic floor muscles and a need to urinate more frequently.
Another risk factor for frequent urination is pregnancy. The growing uterus can place extra pressure on the bladder during pregnancy. As a result, a woman may have to go to the bathroom more frequently. According to one study, an estimated Of these women, an estimated Menopause can also affect bladder control.
When women no longer have their periods, their bodies stop making estrogen. This hormone can impact the lining of the bladder and urethra. As a result, a woman may experience the need to urinate more frequently. Another risk factor for frequent urination is a history of vaginal childbirth.
Childbirth can weaken the pelvic floor muscles that hold the bladder in place. Sometimes, however, frequent urination may be due to damage to the nerves in the bladder as well. Sometimes a woman does not experience problems with bladder control immediately after giving birth, but she may experience symptoms years later.
Symptoms and complications Additional symptoms, such as pain or the inability to control one's bladder, can help the doctor identify the cause of the frequent urination. A woman may have additional symptoms besides how often she urinates. This may give doctors a clue as to the potential cause of her frequent urination.
For example, if a woman's frequent urination is due to a urinary tract infection, she could experience a severe and systemic infection if left untreated. This could damage her kidneys and cause narrowing of the urethras. If urinary frequency occurs on its own with no immediately treatable illness, it can affect a woman's quality of life. A woman may not be able to sleep well due to having to wake up to go to the bathroom very often. She may also refrain from social events for fear of having to go to the bathroom too frequently.
These complications can all have an effect on a woman's sense of well-being. When to see a doctor If frequent urination is accompanied by symptoms of possible infection, women should see their doctor. Examples include fever , pain when urinating, and pink- or blood-tinged urine. Painful urination or pelvic pains are also causes for concern, along with frequent urination. A woman should also see her doctor any time that she experiences symptoms that are uncomfortable to her or that interfere with her quality of life.
Often, there are lifestyle and medical means to treat frequent urination so that a woman does not have to suffer with the symptoms.
How is frequent urination diagnosed? A doctor will start to diagnose potential underlying causes for frequent urination by asking questions about a woman's health history. Examples of these questions may include: When did you first notice your symptoms starting? What makes your symptoms worse? Does anything make them better? What medications are you currently taking? What is your average daily food and drink intake? Do you have any symptoms when you urinate, such as pain, burning, or sensations that you are not emptying your bladder completely?
A doctor may take a urine sample for evaluation. A laboratory can identify the presence of white or red blood cells as well as other compounds that should not be present in urine that could indicate an underlying infection. Other testing may include cystometry, or the measure of pressure in the bladder, or cystoscopy, which involves using special instruments to look inside the urethra and bladder. Other diagnostic methods may depend upon a woman's specific symptoms.
Treatment and prevention If a urinary tract infection is causing a woman's frequent urination, taking antibiotics to cure the infection may help. Lifestyle changes like avoiding coffee and other caffeinated beverages may help reduce the frequency of trips to the bathroom.
Other treatments and preventive techniques for frequent urination that is not due to infection include: Avoiding foods and drinks known to irritate the bladder can help a woman experience fewer episodes of frequent urination. Examples include avoiding caffeine, alcohol, carbonated beverages, chocolate, artificial sweeteners, spicy foods, and foods that are tomato-based.
Adjusting patterns of fluid intake: Avoiding drinking too much water before bedtime can reduce the likelihood of waking up at night to go to the bathroom, for example. Bladder retraining is another method to reduce the amount of times a woman goes to the bathroom per day. To accomplish this, she will void on a regular schedule instead of always waiting until she feels the need to urinate. If possible, a woman should use techniques such as relaxation to see whether the need to urinate passes if she feels the need to go before the scheduled time.
Women should not start a bladder-retraining schedule without discussing it with their doctor first. In addition to these methods, doctors can prescribe medications that reduce bladder spasms and encourage relaxation of the bladder. This has the effect of reducing the urges to have to go to the bathroom. Examples of medications used to treat urinary frequency include: BOTOX can also relax the bladder so that it can become fuller before a woman has the urge to urinate.