Society Number of Sex Offenders By State When it comes to choosing where you want to live or raise your children, avoiding hot spots for sex offenses may be something worth considering. Taking a look at registered sex offenders by state in the United States, we see that California has the unfortunate claim of leading the way. New York is in forth place when it comes to registered sex offenders. Sex Crimes and Offenders Defined A sex offender is defined as any person convicted as committing a sex crime, an increasingly clear and present danger within contemporary society.
S, sex crimes have been extended to include those not covered by traditionally recognizable acts of serious sexual misconduct, such as rape, child sexual abuse, and incest. Rates of Sexual Crime in the U. The problem of sexually-oriented crime has ballooned to alarming proportions in the U.
According to one study, it is estimated that, on average, , women are victims of rape every year, while victims other sexual offenses total around 3. While the total number of registered sexual offenders across the U. California has the dubious distinction of having the greatest number of sexual offenders of any states, with Texas and Michigan close on its heels.
On the other hand, the state with the lowest number of registered sex offenders is Pennsylvania, followed by Maryland and New Mexico. Fighting a Serious Problem In order to curb the menace of sexual delinquency, a large body of legislation meant to deter sexual crime and register offenders have been passed at federal and state levels across the United States.
With the ultimate aim of punishing the guilty and deterring such acts by potential offenders, such laws began to be passed with increasing frequency in the early s, with a special emphasis on preventing sexual crimes involving children. One effect of these was making it mandatory for sexual offenders to register their names and addresses with authorities.
It has 6 objectives, each intended to help streamline the tracking of sex offenders. All states were required to implement this federal legislation. Depending on the nature and seriousness of the crimes committed, the AWA classifies sexual offenders into 3 tiers. Additionally, it clarified the long list of crimes for which registration is mandatory by offenders. Procedures were simplified, and the ease of tracking perpetrators of sexual crimes was enhanced. How Effective Have the Laws Proven?
While the purpose of the legislative acts mentioned above was to decrease incidence of sex crimes, the trends suggest that the actual results have been otherwise. As we attempt to explain this conundrum, and variation of registered sex offenders between states, we need to consider the following points: Many sexual offenders, after their release, return for repeat offences.
This is what is known as recidivism. The data regarding recidivism is far from adequate, and further studies in this regard are required. Additionally, certain research reports offenders by their acts, which may cause single criminals to be counted multiple times. Under-reporting of sexual crimes in the past. This is more significant in the case of children because in most cases of child abuse, the culprit is a person trusted by the child, and until recently there were few channels through which adolescent victims could find help.
Density of population of a given state can lead to erratic statistics when looking at them in absolute, instead of relative, terms.
For example, New York, while having a relatively low sex crime rate, has a high number in absolute terms because of the density of population. Changes in laws have caused many more crimes to be included within this category. After , however, when sex offender registry was implemented in the state, no favorable change was noticed. Here, it was found to be inversely proportional. There is no doubt that sex offenders need to be punished for their heinous crimes.
However, factors like re-integration of the offenders in society, preventing recidivism, and rehabilitation of the victims, physically and emotionally, should all be considered while trying to find an effective and sustainable solution to this sad problem.