Young men engage in cuddling, a form of physical intimacy Women sharing physical intimacy Most people value their personal space and feel discomfort, anger or anxiety when somebody encroaches on their personal space without consent.
However, in modern society, especially in crowded urban communities, it is at times difficult to maintain personal space, for example, in a crowded train , elevator or street. Many people find the physical proximity within crowded spaces to be psychologically disturbing and uncomfortable,  though it is accepted as a fact of modern life. In an impersonal crowded situation, eye contact tends to be avoided.
Even in a crowded place, preserving personal space is important. Non-consensual intimate and sexual contact, such as frotteurism and groping , are unacceptable. On the other hand, most people occasionally desire physical proximity to others, and will at times welcome a familiar and trusted person into their personal space.
When a partner or friend is not available at such a time, some people satisfy this need for human contact in a crowded venue, such as a bar , nightclub , rock concert , street festival , etc. Display of affection[ edit ] People who are on a familiar basis may enter into each other's personal space to make physical contact.
These can be indicators of affection and trust. The manner in which people display affection is generally different in a public context to a private one. In private, people in an intimate relationship or who are familiar with each other may be at ease with physical contact and displays of affection, which may involve: Bonding through intimate, non-sexual contact between platonic friends and family members includes, but is not limited to, holding hands, hugging, cuddling, and kissing on the cheeks.
In public, however, and depending on the nature of the relationship between the people, a public display of affection is generally constrained by social norms and can range from a gesture, such as a kiss or hug in greeting, to an embrace or holding hands.
Maintaining eye contact can be regarded socially and psychologically as analogous to touching. The earliest citation of this word appears in Nihon Kokugo Daijiten in Overview[ edit ] Inducements towards physical intimacy can come from various sources. During colder seasons, humans as well as other animals seek physical intimacy with one another as a means to apportion thermoregulation. This attitude is especially marked amongst those with haphephobia.
Some jurisdictions may specify this as referring to the genitals , buttocks and female breasts.