Expansion of SOTAP at the SOU is in response to to an increasing number of offenders with serious mental illness who are in need of access to sexual deviancy treatment. At any given time, there are approximately clients actively participating in the SOTAP between the four prison sites.
The program provides prison based treatment to approximately clients annually. While the program at WCCW provides treatment for women at a time. This was due to a variety of factors to include prior practices and policy which had been supported by research but have since been revised. Since , the SOTAP has instituted policy and procedure changes to assess, screen, and engage higher risk offenders with a goal of increasing entrance and retention in treatment.
This model outlines practices to provide treatment to the higher risk offenders, targeting criminogenic needs, and delivering treatment through a cognitive behavioral approach. The Department of Corrections defines recidivism as "any felony offense committed by an offender within 36 months of release from prison which results in a readmission to prison. Results indicate all sex offenders released from the Department of Corrections prisons had a recidivism rate of It is believed that the rates of recidivism among sexual offenders who complete the SOTAP may increase due to the selection of higher risk candidates beginning in The DOC will continue to monitor trends and make changes to the program accordingly.
In general, the single largest felony sex offense bringing sex offenders back to prison 86 percent is for failing to register.
An estimated 95 percent of the sex offenders sentenced to prison eventually return to the community. Sex offender treatment is part of the Department's commitment to improving public safety. In a comprehensive effort, the Department provides programming through the RNR model and customizes interventions to address the specific criminogenic needs of individual offenders.
Other examples of the comprehensive programming outside of the SOTAP include, education, employment training, substance abuse treatment and cognitive behavioral interventions. A key pillar of the treatment, SOTAP clients can learn to avoid sexual aggression as well as learn and apply the skills they need to live responsibly in the community.
Self-Regulation is an important element of treatment which affords the participant opportunities to learn about and practice interventions to more effectively and pro-socially meet their needs. Treatment begins with comprehensive assessments which include psychological tests, clinical interviews designed to define treatment goals, and strategies for each offender.
Working collaboratively with their therapist, offenders learn what lead to past offenses and then work to develop pro-social attitudes, thinking, and skills needed to reduce the likelihood of re-offending and increase pro-social living. Program participants receive individual and group therapy. Group sessions generally have 12 to 14 members and meet six hours per week during the institutional phase of treatment. Additionally, clients have monthly individual sessions with their therapist. Participants who complete the institutional phase are expected to participate in aftercare treatment in the community which typically lasts from months depending on individual risk factors, compliance with supervision and treatment progress.
The goals of group therapy include: Help the offender gain insight and understanding of their individual pathway which led to sexually offending. Develop, implement, and monitor both cognitive and behavioral interventions to recognize and intervene on their specific dynamic risk factors. Teach relapse prevention and skills necessary for the offender to reduce, and control risk.
Help the offender learn the attitudes, thinking skills, and behaviors necessary to live pro-socially. Help the offender prepare to use their new skills and knowledge in the community. Additional specialty groups address sexual deviancy, life skills, self-regulation skills, co-occurring needs such as sexual deviancy, and chemical dependency, and other topics. Offenders admitted to the sex offender treatment programs must meet the following criteria: The offender must have been convicted of a sex offense for his or her current or a previous term of incarceration.
He or she must be eligible for release at some future date. Treatment priority is given to higher risk offenders. Sentence structure, court ordered treatment, and release date dictate additional prioritization practices. The program is approximately months in duration and typically occurs in the last months of the participant's incarceration. Many higher risk sex offenders don't volunteer to participate in treatment on their own.
Beginning in , the SOTAP instituted the practice of completing face to face screenings with all sex offenders coming in through the Reception and Diagnostic Center in Shelton, Washington.
Through the use of motivational interviewing techniques and the development of a therapeutic rapport, the SOTAP has seen a dramatic increase in the rates of higher risk sex offenders volunteering to participate in the treatment program. Due to the increase in higher risk offenders volunteering to participate in the program, the SOTAP has not had sufficient capacity to allocate treatment resources to lower risk offenders.
Back to Top Community Treatment DOC and its partners also continue that treatment in community supervision after they have served their prison time. Sex offenders about to leave prison undergo a classification process to assess their risk to the public. DOC and its partners ensure the proper authorities, organizations and potential victims know the whereabouts of sex offenders leaving prison and impose special safeguards on the offenders thought to pose the highest risk to the public. Like the prison-based programs, community-based treatment relies on comprehensive risk and needs assessments, clinical interviews and other techniques designed to define treatment goals and strategies for each offender.
Treatment provided in prison serves as the foundation for offender participants who must then apply and generalize the skills and knowledge gained to a community setting. Help keep the offender focused and attentive to the insight and understanding gained in treatment regarding their individual pathway which led to sexually offending.
Continue to develop, implement, and monitor cognitive and behavioral interventions in order to recognize and intervene on their specific dynamic risk factors. Help the practice and improve attitudes, thinking skills, and behaviors necessary to maintain a pro-social lifestyle. Help the offender apply their new skills and knowledge in the community and make necessary adjustments when they experience set-backs. While in treatment and on community supervision, each offender is provided with opportunities to continue to put the knowledge and skills as identified above into practice.
Community sex offender treatment providers and community corrections officers work collaboratively; sharing risk relevant information in order to tailor an individualized and comprehensive offender management strategy. This has been demonstrated to be the most effective sex offender community management approach.
As with the prison treatment program, the duration of community treatment is dependent upon a comprehensive risk and needs assessment as well as observed compliance in regards to supervision and treatment conditions.
Back to Top Rules in the Community Sex offenders who are releasing from confinement with required Department of Corrections DOC supervision may be supervised in the community under strict rules designed to protect their victims, vulnerable people, the general public and the offender. In addition to requiring sex offender registration, the courts, and the DOC can impose many conditions and requirements for the period of DOC supervision.
Offenders may be required to report to a Community Corrections Officer CCO whose primary responsibility is to help offenders become law abiding citizens while holding the offenders accountable. Offenders must report to their CCO and be available for contact as directed and often must remain within specified geographic boundaries. Sex and kidnapping offenders who are required by law to register must do so prior to leaving state, county or city confinement.
Offenders cannot move without permission. Generally, the release address of sex offenders is scrutinized to assess potential risk to the community and for the offender.
Sex offenders often cannot own or control personal computers. If community corrections officers permit access to computers, they normally must have blocks that prevent access to specific sites. Offenders also cannot have contact with magazines, videos, telephone sites or anything else with pornographic content.
Offenders must allow their community corrections officers to inspect every part of their homes. Many offenders must obtain psycho-sexual evaluations and treatment from state-certified sexual deviancy counselors.
Those who are required to do so must authorize their CCO to monitor their progress in treatment. Typically, offenders are not permitted to change counselors without approval and they must submit to polygraph and plethysmograph which measure sexual arousal testing at their own expense at the direction of their therapist or CCO.
They may have to undergo chemical dependency treatment and follow prescribed treatment, which may include Alcoholics Anonymous or other recovery meetings.
Contact with past and potential victims: The court may or may not allow an offender to have contact with certain members of his or her own family including his or her own children.
Any contact with minors that is permitted by the court is monitored and managed by the CCO while the offender is under supervision. Offenders must disclose information about their conviction s to potential adult sexual partners before beginning sexual relationships.
They also must inform their CCO of romantic relationships so they can ensure no potential child victims are accessible. Some offenders may be required by their CCO to disclose their criminal history to their families and friends.
Offenders cannot patronize any establishment in the sex industry, including topless dancing clubs, sex toy outlets or houses of prostitution. Education, work and community service are encouraged but with review and management of any potential risk. Offenders must have safety plans to avoid reoffending. Felony offenders may not own, use or possess firearms or ammunition.