The family migrated, piecemeal, to Dallas in the early s as part of a wave of resettlement from the impoverished nearby farms to the urban slum known as West Dallas. The Barrows spent their first months in West Dallas living under their wagon. When father Henry had put together enough money to buy a tent, it was a significant improvement for the family.
His second arrest, with brother Buck, came soon after, this time for possession of stolen goods turkeys. Despite having legitimate jobs during the period through , he also cracked safes , robbed stores, and stole cars. After sequential arrests in and , he was sent to Eastham Prison Farm in April While in prison, Barrow used a lead pipe to crush the skull of another inmate who had sexually assaulted him repeatedly.
Shortly after, he was recaptured and was sent back to prison. His sister Marie said, "Something awful sure must have happened to him in prison because he wasn't the same person when he got out. Parker was out of work and staying with a female friend to assist her during her recovery from a broken arm. Barrow dropped by the girl's house while Parker was in the kitchen making hot chocolate. She remained his loyal companion as they carried out their crime spree and awaited the violent deaths they viewed as inevitable.
Early jobs, early murders[ edit ] Parker's playful pose with a cigar branded her in the press as a "cigar-smoking gun moll" when police found the undeveloped film in the Joplin hideout After Barrow was released from prison in February , he and Ralph Fults assembled a rotating core group of associates.
The two began a series of small robberies, primarily of stores and gas stations;  their goal was to collect enough money and firepower to launch a liberation raid against Eastham prison.
On April 30, Barrow was the driver in a robbery in Hillsboro, Texas , during which the store's owner, J. Bucher, was shot and killed. While being held in jail until June 17, Parker wrote poetry to pass the time.
Maxwell and his deputy, Eugene C. Moore, approached them in the parking lot. Barrow and Hamilton opened fire, killing the deputy and gravely wounding the sheriff. On October 11, they allegedly killed Howard Hall at his store during a robbery in Sherman, Texas , though historians have considered this unlikely since Jones had been a friend of the Barrow family since childhood.
Only 16 years old on Christmas Eve , he persuaded Barrow to let him join the pair and leave Dallas with them that night. Buck joins the gang[ edit ] Life changed for the gang after they shot their way out of their Joplin hideout; photos and Bonnie's "Suicide Sal" poem hit papers nationwide.
According to family sources,  Buck and Blanche were there to visit; they attempted to persuade Clyde to surrender to law enforcement. Bonnie and Clyde's next brush with the law arose from their generally suspicious—and conspicuous—behavior, not because they had been identified. The group ran loud, alcohol-fueled card games late into the night in the quiet neighborhood.
The lawmen assembled a five-man force in two cars on April 13 to confront what they suspected were bootleggers living in the garage apartment. Though taken by surprise, Clyde was noted for remaining cool under fire. Kahler to duck behind a large oak tree while. They slowed enough to pull in Blanche Barrow from the street, where she was pursuing her dog Snow Ball.
Just 16 years old, W. The cut-down shotgun is one of Barrow's "whippit" guns. The poem "Story of 'Suicide Sal'" was an apparent backstory. For the next three months, the group ranged from Texas as far north as Minnesota.
In May, they tried to rob the bank in Lucerne, Indiana ,  and robbed the bank in Okabena, Minnesota. The Barrow Gang did not hesitate to shoot anyone, lawman or civilian, who got in their way. Other members of the Barrow Gang known or thought to have committed murders included Raymond Hamilton, W. Jones, Buck Barrow and Henry Methvin. Eventually, the cold-bloodedness of their killings soured the public perception of the outlaws, and led to their ends.
Restaurants and motels became less secure; they resorted to campfire cooking and bathing in cold streams. Jones, who was the driver when he and Barrow stole Dillard Darby's car in late April, used that car to leave the others. He stayed away throughout May and up until June 8.
After getting help from a nearby farm family and kidnapping two local lawmen,  the three outlaws rendezvoused with Blanche and Buck Barrow. They hid in a tourist court near Fort Smith, Arkansas , nursing Parker's burns. Humphrey in Alma, Arkansas. It consisted of two brick cabins joined by garages, and the gang rented both. The gang seemed to go out of their way to draw attention: He noted the driver backed into the garage "gangster style," for a quick getaway.
Blanche's outfit— jodhpur riding breeches  —attracted attention; they were not typical attire for women in the area, and eyewitnesses reminiscing 40 years later mentioned them first. Coffey had been alerted by Oklahoma, Texas, and Arkansas law enforcement to watch for strangers seeking such supplies. The sheriff contacted Captain Baxter, who called for reinforcements from Kansas City , including an armored car.
They did not pursue the retreating Barrow vehicle. Local lawmen and approximately one hundred spectators surrounded the group, and the Barrows soon came under fire.
Jones escaped on foot. Buck died five days later at Kings Daughters Hospital in Perry, Iowa , of his head wound and pneumonia after surgery. Jones parted company with them, continuing to Houston, where his mother had moved. Through the autumn, Clyde Barrow executed several petty robberies with a series of small-time local accomplices while his family and Parker's attended to her considerable medical needs.
On November 22, , they narrowly evaded arrest while trying to meet with family members near Sowers, Texas. As Barrow drove up, he sensed a trap and drove past his family's car, at which point Schmid and his deputies stood up and opened fire with machine guns and a BAR. The family members in the crossfire were not hit, but a BAR bullet passed through the car, striking the legs of both Barrow and Parker. The following week on November 28, a Dallas grand jury delivered a murder indictment against Parker and Barrow for the January killing of Tarrant County Deputy Malcolm Davis;  it was Parker's first warrant for murder.
Final run[ edit ] On January 16, , Barrow orchestrated the escape of Raymond Hamilton , Henry Methvin and several others in the infamous " Eastham Breakout" of As Crowson struggled for life, prison chief Lee Simmons reportedly promised him that all persons involved in the breakout would be hunted down and killed.
Hamer , and persuaded him to hunt down the Barrow Gang. Though retired, Hamer had retained his commission, which had not yet expired. Tall, burly and taciturn, Hamer was described as unimpressed by authority and driven by an "inflexible adherence to right, or what he thinks is right.
Three of Hamer's brothers were also Texas Rangers, and while brother Harrison was the best shot of the four, Frank was considered the most tenacious. Barrow joined in, firing at Patrolman Murphy. Most likely, Parker was asleep in the back seat when Methvin started shooting and took no part in the assault. The eyewitness's ever-changing story was soon discredited, but the massive negative publicity, against Parker in particular, increased the public clamor for extermination of the survivors of the Barrow Gang.
The outcry also galvanized the authorities into action: Highway Patrol boss L. Boyd identified both Barrow and Parker to authorities but he never learned Methvin's name. Whatever chance she had for clemency had just been reduced. He studied the gang's movements and found they swung in a circle skirting the edges of five midwestern states, exploiting the "state line" rule that prevented officers from one jurisdiction from pursuing a fugitive into another.
Barrow was a master of that pre-FBI rule but consistent in his movements, so the experienced Hamer charted his path and predicted where he would go. The gang's itinerary centered on family visits, and they were due to see Methvin's family in Louisiana. Barrow had designated the residence of Methvin's parents as a rendezvous in case they were separated, and Methvin did get separated from the pair in Shreveport. Hinton recounted that their group was in place by 9: The posse's official report had Barrow stopping to speak with Methvin's father, who had been planted there with his truck that morning to distract Barrow and force him into the lane closer to the posse.
The lawmen opened fire, killing Barrow and Parker while shooting a combined total of about rounds. Oakley fired first, probably before any order to do so. Each of us six officers had a shotgun and an automatic rifle and pistols. We opened fire with the automatic rifles.
They were emptied before the car got even with us. Then we used shotguns There was smoke coming from the car, and it looked like it was on fire.
After shooting the shotguns, we emptied the pistols at the car, which had passed us and ran into a ditch about 50 yards on down the road. It almost turned over. We kept shooting at the car even after it stopped. We weren't taking any chances.
Wade's report listed 17 separate entrance wounds on Barrow's body and 26 on Parker's,  including several headshots on each, and one that had snapped Barrow's spinal column. The temporarily deafened officers inspected the vehicle and discovered an arsenal of weapons, including stolen automatic rifles, sawed-off semi-automatic shotguns, assorted handguns, and several thousand rounds of ammunition, along with 15 sets of license plates from various states.
A crowd soon gathered at the ambush spot. Gault and Alcorn, left to guard the bodies, lost control of the jostling, curious throng; one woman cut off bloody locks of Parker's hair and pieces from her dress, which were subsequently sold as souvenirs. Hinton returned to find a man trying to cut off Barrow's trigger finger, and was sickened by what was occurring. One eager man had opened his pocket knife, and was reaching into the car to cut off Clyde's left ear.
Preliminary embalming was done by Bailey in a small preparation room in back of the furniture store it was common for furniture and undertakers to be together.