Based on data compiled by a recent Bureau of Labor Statistics report, here are five jobs where women are most underpaid. Girls are better at reading. Male students are more active. Female students are more studious. There are certain things we think we know about the different sexes when it comes to learning, but the reality of gender difference and our brains is more complicated than most of us imagine.
In buying into the stereotypes and unconscious influences on our behaviour, we may be limiting what we can achieve as a society. First, and contrary to what many people believe, there is no significant difference in how boys and girls learn, according to Professor Diane Halpern, Dean of Social Sciences at Minerva Schools in San Francisco. Some boys need more activity Encouraging people to go into non-traditional careers for their gender benefits everyone.
Girls tend to excel on tests closely related to the curriculum, boys tend to excel where they are unrelated to the curriculum. Girls and boys perform the same in maths as children, but as they grow older, male students outperform female. Female scientists are on the rise. However, just eight per cent are graduating in engineering, 22 per cent in computer science and 29 per cent in maths. Likewise, men only account for around a third of graduates in psychology, health sciences and education.
Women are generally more interested in working with people, men in working with things. However, there is room for change. While girls do better at school, the difference is only about 0. And while sex differences are found cross-culturally, throughout life and even in other species, with training, everyone can improve in all these areas.
But women also needed navigational skills to travel large distances in their role as gatherers and members of nomadic societies. So have men simply evolved to be better at STEM science, technology, engineering and maths subjects, or are the differences to do with socialisation and discrimination?
I have no idea. It has to do with what we value. When more women work in public policy, for example, you get different voices on child nutrition and homelessness. No matter how much fluidity you believe there is, encouraging people into non-traditional roles is a positive, according to Prof Halpern.